This project creates three large databases, which will allow researchers to reinterpret the history of human health in Europe from the late Paleolithic era to the early twentieth century. During this period, human health and welfare were transformed enormously by the transition from foraging to farming; the rise of cities and complex forms of social and political organization; European colonization; and industrialization. With a trans-Atlantic network of collaborators, we will undertake large-scale comparative studies of the causes and health consequences of these and other dramatic changes in arrangements for work, living, and human interaction.

Application Form

We are looking for field researchers to code and analyze skeletal data in Europe, and we welcome graduate students who would like to combine this work with a thesis or dissertation. If you are interested, please complete and return the application form. You may also directly contact any of the principal investigators.


Grant Proposal
Data Collection Codebook
Application Form
Skeleton Photos Courtesy Donald J. Ortner









This project is funded by the National Science Foundation Site designed by BlueLine